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Table 1 Background characteristics of under-five children with SAM attending University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia

From: Mortality and morbidity patterns in under-five children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Zambia: a five-year retrospective review of hospital-based records (2009–2013)

Characteristic Population
  n %
Sex (n = 9 534)   
 Male 5 148 53.9
 Female 4 386 45.9
HIV status (n = 8 589)   
 Negative 5 827 67.8
 Positive 2 589 32.2
Morbidity (n = 9 076)   
 Marasmic-Kwashiorkor 1 511 16.4
 Marasmus 1 957 21.6
 Kwashiorkor 5 609 62.0
Co-morbidity (n = 2 037)   
 Anaemia 218 11.6
 Diarrhoea 723 29.8
 Pneumonia 544 25.3
 Septicaemia 146 5.3
 Tuberculosis 113 6.8
 Other 293 21.2
 No co-morbidity 7 503 100
Residence (n = 5 141)   
 Lusaka 4 791 93.0
 Out of Lusaka 358 7.0
  1. NOTES: 1. Sample size; Overall n = 9540 sample size was dictated by responses for age. 2. Yearly samples were 2151(2009), 2301(2010), 1999(2011), 1726(2012) and 1363(2013). 3. Median age in months was 17 months IQR (11–22); median length of stay in days was 8 days IQR (3–14); overall mortality 46.7% (2,804).