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Table 3 Association of intestinal helminth infection, sex and age with undernutrition and anaemia among children in in Abchikeli and Ayalew Mekonnen elementary schools, northwest Ethiopia, February and March 2010

From: Prevalence and factors associated with undernutrition and anaemia among school children in Durbete Town, northwest Ethiopia

   Undernutrition   Anaemia  
Variables Categories Yes No AORa [95 % CI] Yes No AORa [95 % CI]
Helminth infection Non-infected 55 118 - 3 170 -
  A. lumbricoides 13 13 2.16 [0.85, 5.53] 0 26 NA
  Hookworm 44 101 1.42 [0.80, 2.52] 23 122 8.87 [2.28, 34.58]
  T. trichiura 0 5 NA 0 5 NA
  Any 69 142 1.28 [0.79, 2.09] 38 173 10.65 [2.96,38.39]
  Single 57 119 1.41 [0.85, 2.33] 23 153 8.11 [2.20, 29.88]
  Double 10 23 0.53 [0.17, 1.65] 15 18 43.56 [8.42, 225.55]
  Triple 2 0 NA 0 2 NA
Age in years 5-9 55 120 - 13 162 -
  10-14 69 140 1.36 [0.76, 2.43] 28 181 0.61 [0.22, 1.71]
Sex Male 54 118 - 17 155 -
  Female 70 142 1.17 [0.73, 1.86] 24 188 1.06 [0.49, 2.26]
  1. NA: not applicable
  2. AORa (adjusted odds ratio): adjusted for age, sex, helminth infection, education status of parents, grade level of the children, house floor nature, presence of latrine, hand washing habit before eating, drinking water source, place of residence and religious status: based on two (for anaemia and undernutrition) independent multivariable regression models