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Table 4 Association of socioe-conomic and socio-demographic factors factors with undernutrition and anaemia among children in Abchikeli and Ayalew Mekonnen Elementary Schools, northwest Ethiopia, February and March 2010

From: Prevalence and factors associated with undernutrition and anaemia among school children in Durbete Town, northwest Ethiopia

   Undernutrition   Anaemia  
Variables Categories Yes No AOR [95 % CI]a Yes No AOR [95 % CI]a
Family 1 to 3 74 133 - 20 187 -
Size 4-6 33 90 0.78 [0.45, 1.35] 13 110 0.61 [0.25, 1.48]
  ≥7 17 37 0.94 [0.44, 1.99] 8 146 0.93 [0.32, 2.72]
Fathers Literate 66 116 - 17 165 -
education Illiterateb 58 144 0.88 [0.39, 1.99] 24 178 0.90 [0.29, 2.75]
Mothers Literate 55 88 - 11 132 -
education Illiterateb 69 172 1.33 [0.55, 3.22] 30 211 0.87 [0.22, 345]
Drinking Tap 55 76 - 5 126 -
water Well 42 106 0.64 [0.21, 1.97] 26 122 0.91 [0.05, 15.33
sources River/spring 27 78 0.27 [0.02, 3.85] 10 95 0.68 [0.02, 23.08]
Hand Yes 113 248 - 33 328 -
washing± No 11 12 2.62 [1.02, 6.72] 8 15 2.73 [0.90, 8.24]
Shoe Yes 34 52 - 1 85 -
Wearing No 90 208 1.09 [0.52, 2.29] 40 258 5.91 [0.41, 85.95]
Presence Yes 62 89 - 8 143 -
of latrine No 62 171 0.60 [0.22, 1.64] 33 200 0.30 [0.04, 2.07]
House Cement 11 10 - 2 19 -
Floor Earthen 113 250 1.79 [0.54, 5.96] 39 324 4.13 [0.09, 195.52]
Residence Urban 57 80 - 6 131 -
  Rural 67 180 1.19 [0.33, 4.36] 63 212 0.11 [0.00, 3.03]
Grade 1 to 3 89 190 - 24 255 -
  4 to 6 35 70 1.57 [0.81, 3.07] 17 88 2.23 [0.82, 6.10]
Religion Christian 117 249 - 39 327 -
  Muslim 7 11 0.40 [0.09, 1.82] 2 16 0.61 [0.02, 15.63]
  1. AORa (adjusted odds ratio): adjusted for age, sex, helminth infection, education status of parents, grade level of the children, house floor nature, presence of latrine, hand washing habit before eating, drinking water source, place of residence and religious status: based on two (for anaemia and undernutrition) independent multivariable regression models
  2. Illiterateb: Can not read and write
  3. Hand washing±: hand washing habit before eating