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Table 1 County Characteristics of 33 regionally diverse North Carolina Counties

From: Disparities in healthy food zoning, farmers’ market availability, and fruit and vegetable consumption among North Carolina residents

Characteristic Mean Standard Deviation Minimum Maximum
Number of farmers’ markets per 10,000 capita, 2013 1.46 1.06 0 5.20
Number of farmers’ markets with Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Electronic Benefit Transfer per 10,000 capita, 2013 0.21 0.28 0 0.82
Urban Influence Code, 2013 4.42 2.85 1.00 11.00
Percentage of population in rural areas 65.06 24.40 7.35 100.00
Percentage of population living below poverty level 20.83 5.81 9.70 31.80
Percentage of African American residents 24.78 19.92 0.90 61.90
County population 63,348 78,926 9,980 35,0670
Percentage of adult residents with diabetes 12.19 1.71 9.20 15.20
Percentage of adult residents with obesity 30.63 3.35 22.50 37.00
Percentage of children with obesity 15.08 2.68 8.00 21.10
County-level Healthy Outlet Zoning Score 0.34 0.22 0.02 0.83
  1. The 2013 Urban Influence Codes were used to classify metro (or urban) counties into two categories based upon the size of their metro area and non-metro (or more rural) counties into 10 categories based upon proximity to metro areas and the size of the largest city or town in the county [24]. The County-level Healthy Outlet Zoning score was created using a weighted sum of municipality and county-level zoning ordinances coded using the Bridging the Gap Community Obesity Measures Project (BTG-COMP) food code/policy audit form [22]