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Table 4 Associations between farmers’ market shopping, fruit and vegetable consumption, healthy zoning, and BMI among random digit dial survey participants (NC residents)

From: Disparities in healthy food zoning, farmers’ market availability, and fruit and vegetable consumption among North Carolina residents

Model Number Dependent variable Independent variable Beta estimate (Standard error) p-value
1 Block Fruit and Vegetable Consumption (servings per day) Farmers’ market shopping (never versus ever) −0.80 (0.28) 0.0043
   Healthy Outlet Zoning Scores 0.72 (1.68) 0.67
2 BRFSS Fruit and Vegetable Consumption (servings per day) Farmers’ market shopping (never versus ever) 0.31 (0.39) 0.43
   Healthy Outlet Zoning Scores 5.42 (2.40) 0.02
3 Corrected BMI (kg/m2) Farmers’ market shopping (never versus ever) −1.03 (1.08) 0.34
   Healthy Outlet Zoning Scores −12.26 (7.58) 0.11
  1. Subject to missing values, each model included 517-564 observations. Dependent variables are fruit and vegetable consumption (self-reported from both the Block Fruit and Vegetable Screener and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) questions) and corrected body mass index (BMI). All models are multi-level, adjusted for age, race, sex, educational level, and county-level metro status