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Table 1 Characteristics of the primary studies included in the meta-analysis

From: The burden and high prevalence of hypertension in Pakistani adolescents: a meta-analysis of the published studies

Sr. no Author name (year) Year conducted Criteria BP measurement frequency Population Place of study Age Sample size (n) Prevalence of hypertension (%)
Total Male Female Total Male Female
1 Akatsu and Aslam (1996) 1996 ≥140/90 2 Urban Karachi > 25 151 151 16.55 16.55
2 Shah SM, et al. (2001) 2001 ≥140/90 3 Rural GB > 18 4203 1406 2797 14.89 13.72 15.48
3 Rafique G, et al. (2003) 2003 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi NR 264 23.86
4 Dodani S, et al. (2004) 2004 ≥140/90 2 Urban Karachi > 18 1137 24.71
5 Iqbal SP, et al. (2004) 2004 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi > 18 370 294 76 18.91 16.66 27.63
6 Safdar S, et al. (2004) 2002 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi > 18 857 172 685 26.02 34.3 23.94
7 Aziz KU, et al. (2005) 2005 ≥140/90 2 Urban Karachi > 18 946 476 470 23.25 23.11 23.4
8 Siddique H, et al. (2005) 2005 ≥140/90 NR Urban Karachi > 15 198 63 135 15.15 17.46 14.07
9 Tazeen H. Jafar, et al. (2003) 1990–1994 ≥140/90 3 Both Pakistan > 15 9442 4409 5033 19.75 21.75 18
10 Tareen MF, et al. (2011) 2006–2009 ≥140/90 2 both Punjab 30–75 2495 1271 1224 24.21 28.16 20.42
11 Alam HM, et al. (2013) 2010–2011 ≥140/90 2 Urban Karachi > 20 176 23.86
12 Khan FS, et al. (2013) 2010–2011 ≥140/90 NR Urban Karachi > 15 500 18
13 Aslam A, et al. (2014) 2010–2011 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi > 15 554 26.35
14 Jessani S, et al. (2014) 2004–2005 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi > 40 2873 44.1
15 Irzola VE, et al. (2016) 2010–2011 ≥140/90 3 Urban Pakistan > 35 2584 1213 1371 42.29 38.16 45.95
16 Zafar J, et al. (2016) 2014 ≥140/90 3 Urban Rawalpindi > 18 404 38.36
17 Gupta R, et al. (2017) 2017 ≥140/90 3 Urban Karachi 35–70 1742 24.91
18 Shafi ST, et al. (2017) 2008–2015 ≥140/90 2 Rural Punjab ≥ 18 13,722 8366 5356 35.06 30.81 41.71