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Table 3 Important parameter in HBM and HES study design

From: Environmental health surveillance in a future European health information system

Key parameter HBM studies HES (according to EHESa)
Study population General adult population:
Adults (18–79 years)
Specific population/vulnerable groups:
Children and adolescents (3–17 years)
Breastfeeding mothers
Mothers and their new born
Older women 50–65 years
General adult population:
500 of each of the eight age-sex domains (25–34, 35–44, 45–54 and 55–64 years)
Questionnaire topics Residential environment and residence
Nutrition (with focus on exposure related food intake)
Smoking behaviour
Exposure-relevant behaviour (mother’s) occupation
Socio-demography and socio-economic status
Based on the EHIS.
Health status (self-perceived, chronic morbidity, activity limitations)
Health care (hospitalisation)
Health determinants (height, weight, physical activity)
Background variables (education, labour status)
Sample matrixb Blood (10/11)
Urine (8/11)
Scalp hair (4/11)
Breast milk (2/11)
Cord blood (1/11)
Teeth (1/11)
Tested markers Heavy Metals: Cd, Pb, Hg
Manmade chemicals (PCBs, PAHs, PBDEs, PCDDs, PCDFs, organochlorine, VOCs, PFCs, Phthalate, herbicide, fungicide)
Biological: IgE, Cotinine etc.
Total cholesterol
Blood pressure
Waist circumference
  1. a
  2. bSample matrix data assessed by Table 4 of Supplemental material