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Table 3 Household risk factors for SAM, Mao health district, February–August 2017

From: Individual and household risk factors of severe acute malnutrition among under-five children in Mao, Chad: a matched case-control study

Characteristic Cases (%) Controls (%) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) P-value
Recent morbidity in the household 42 (30.7) 59 (21.5) 1.66 (1.0–2.7)   
MUAC of mother/caretaker < 220 mm 19 (13.9) 14 (5.1) 3.0 (1.4–6.1) 2.6 (1.2–5.5) 0.015
Early pregnancy ≤18 years 29 (21.2) 33 (12.0) 1.9 (1.1–3.2)   
Hand washing behaviour score, mean (SD) 6.8 (1.0) 7.0 (0.9) 0.8 (0.6–1.0)   
Not washing hands after defecation/using toilet 74 (54.0) 110 (40.2) 1.8 (1.2–2.8) 1.9 (1.2–3.1) 0.009
Absence of toilet in the household 78 (56.9) 129 (47.1) 2.3 (1.2–4.1) 1.9 (1.1–3.6) 0.046
Destination of child’s faeces, outside the house 117 (85.4) 216 (78.8) 1.9 (1.0–3.8)   
Monthly hygiene expenses < 2000 FCFA 66 (48.2) 99 (36.1) 2.0 (1.2–3.4)   
Marriage status of caretaker /lives alone 9 (6.6) 3 (1.1) 6.0 (1.6–22.1) 7.7 (2.0–30.1) 0.003
Caretaker did not attend any school 18 (13.1) 18 (6.6) 2.9 (1.2–6.6)   
Monthly financial resources < 35.000 FCFA 75 (54.7) 123 (44.9) 1.5 (0.9–2.3)   
Food insecurity 46 (33.6) 63 (23.0) 1.9 (1.1–3.1)   
Household Food Diversity Score ≤ 6 64 (46.7) 100 (36.5) 1.9 (1.1–3.2) 1.8 (1.0–3.1) 0.041
  1. SAM severe acute malnutrition, COR crude odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SD standard deviation, AOR adjusted odds ratio, Statistically significant difference at minimum level of p = 0.05; MUAC mid upper arm circumference, FCFA central african franc, 1 XAF = 0,00152 EUR