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Table 1 Participants socio-demographic characteristics, N = 237

From: Determinants of health- related quality of life (HRQoL) among deaf and hard of hearing adults in Greece: a cross-sectional study

Variable Hearing Hard of Hearing Deaf P-value
Gender 0.02*a
 Women 71 (73.2) 32 (59.3) 46 (53.5)  
 Men 26 (26.8) 22 (40.7) 40 (46.5)  
Age (years) b 36.3 (9.4) 41.4 (11.8) 38.1 (10.7) 0.02*c
Marital Status 0.006**a
 Unmarried 42 (43.3) 16 (29.6) 37 (43.0)  
 In cohabitation 13 (13.4) 14 (25.9) 11 (12.8)  
 Married 38 (39.2) 14 (25.9) 20 (23.3)  
 Divorced 3 (3.1) 7 (13.0) 13 (15.1)  
 Widowed 1 (1.0) 3 (5.6) 5 (5.8)  
Number of family members per household e 3.5 (1.3) 2.7 (1.2) 2.6 (1.2) < 0.001***c
Existence of hearing person in household a   38 (70.4) 37 (43) 0.002**a
Educational attainment < 0.001***d
 Junior High 0 (0.0) 4 (7.4) 11 (12.8)  
 High School 23 (23.7) 19 (35.2) 59 (68.6)  
 College 9 (9.3) 3 (5.6) 2 (2.3)  
 Technological Educational Institution (TEI) 13 (13.4) 5 (9.3) 0 (0)  
 University 31 (32.0) 11 (20.4) 10 (11.6)  
 Master’s/Doctorate degree 21 (21.6) 12 (22.2) 4 (4.7)  
Work Status 0.001**a
 Unemployed 10 (10.3) 8 (14.8) 21 (24.4)  
 Household keeper 2 (2.1) 3 (5.6) 5 (5.8)  
 Income collection 2 (2.1) 0 (0) 1 (1.2)  
 Student 10 (10.3) 1 (1.9) 5 (5.8)  
 Unskilled worker 0 (0) 4 (7.4) 6 (7.0)  
 Private sector employee 31 (32.0) 10 (18.5) 30 (34.9)  
 Public sector employee 27 (27.8) 18 (33.3) 16 (18.6)  
 Entrepreneur 12 (12.4) 6 (11.1) 0 (0)  
 Retired 3 (3.1) 4 (7.4) 2 (2.3)  
Family annual income (euro) e 20,000 (195,000) 15,000 (75,000) 15,000 (49,000) < 0.001***f
  1. Values are expressed as n (%) unless otherwise is indicated
  2. *p value 0.01 to 0.05 (significant)
  3. **p value 0.001 to 0.01 (very significant)
  4. ***p value 0.0001 to 0.001 (extremely significant)
  5. ax2 test
  6. bMean (standard deviation)
  7. cAnalysis of variance
  8. dx2 trend test
  9. eMedian (range)
  10. fKruskal-Wallis test