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Table 3 Crude and Adjusted Prevalence Risk Ratios (PRR) of consuming ≥5 servings of fruits and/ or vegetables per day in a typical week among participants in the survey

From: Low consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults in Uganda: findings from a countrywide cross-sectional survey

Variable -n- ≥ 5 servings
n (%)
Crude PRR [95% CI] Adjusted PRR [95% CI]a
Sex
 Males 1591 207 (13.0) 1.0 1.0
 Females 2371 277 (11.7) 0.82 [0.64–1.05] 0.82 [0.64–1.04]
Age
 18–29 1610 178 (11.1) 1.0 1.0
 30–49 1666 214 (12.8) 1.11 [0.84–1.47] 1.15 [0.87–1.52]
 50–69 686 92 (13.4) 1.03 [0.74–1.45] 1.20 [0.86–1.67]
Marital status
 Never married 623 63 (10.1) 1.0 1.0
 Married/Cohabiting 2634 336 (12.8) 1.52 [1.04–2.21] 1.51 [1.07–2.14]
 Separated/Divorced/ Widowed 702 85 (12.1) 1.38 [0.88–2.17] 1.46 [0.98–2.17]
Level of education
 No formal schooling 649 83 (12.8) 1.0 1.0
 Primary 1614 206 (12.8) 0.86 [0.63–1.16] 0.91 [0.67–1.22]
 Secondary 1310 152 (11.6) 0.98 [0.68–1.41] 1.06 [0.76–1.47]
 University or higher 374 42 (11.2) 0.76 [0.47–1.22] 0.84 [0.54–1.31]
Region of residence
 Western 940 50 (5.3) 1.0 1.0
 Central 962 196 (20.4) 3.54 [2.40–5.22] 3.54 [2.46–5.10]
 Northern 778 142 (18.3) 2.83 [1.88–4.27] 2.90 [2.00–4.23]
 Eastern 1282 96 (7.5) 1.45 [0.92–2.27] 1.60 [1.04–2.47]
Rural-urban residence
 Urban 1076 100 (9.3) 1.0 1.0
 Rural 2886 384 (13.8) 1.00 [0.74–1.35] 0.99 [0.75–1.30]
Employment
 Employed 2585 302 (12.2) 1.0 1.0
 Unemployed 1376 182 (13.3) 0.99 [0.74–1.32] 0.92 [0.70–1.22]
Received lifestyle advice on fruit and/ or vegetable consumption
 No 2916 359 (12.3) 1.0 1.0
 Yes 890 123 (13.8) 1.21 [0.92–1.60] 1.18 [0.90–1.54]
BMI (kg/m2)
 18.5–24.9 Normal weight 2518 317 (12.6) 1.0 1.0
 < 18.5 Underweight 328 43 (13.0) 0.88 [0.61–1.26] 0.86 [0.60–1.22]
 ≥ 25 Overweight or Obese 1116 124 (11.1) 1.03 [0.78–1.37] 0.98 [0.75–1.28]
  1. aAdjusted for marital status and geographical region of residence