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Table 1 Variables in the Research

From: The influence of education on health: an empirical assessment of OECD countries for the period 1995–2015

CategoryVariableDescription
EducationPrimary School Enrollment Rate-Gross (ratio)The ratio of total enrollment (regardless of age) to the population of the age group in the level of education shown. It is estimated as a weighted average.
Note: Gross enrollment includes students of all ages for a level. Therefore, a high ratio may reflect a large number of overage children enrolled in each level due to repetition or late entry. This number can exceed the official population of students in the age group for the education level. This can lead to ratios above 100%.
EducationSecondary School Enrollment Rate-Gross (ratio)
EducationTertiary School Enrollment Rate-Gross (ratio)
EducationTertiary School Life Expectancy (Years)The total number of years of tertiary schooling that a child can expect to receive.
EducationAdult Education Level Below Secondary (ratio)The highest level of education completed by the 25–64-year-old population.
EducationAdult Education Level Upper Secondary (ratio)
EducationAdult Education Level Tertiary (ratio)
EducationNEET Rate [Age: 15–29] (%)Those who are not in employment, education, or training (NEET), as a % of the total number in the corresponding age group.
EducationNEET Rate [Age: 15–19] (%)
EducationNEET Rate [Age: 20–24] (%)
ControlGDP per capita ($)Gross domestic product per person.
ControlGDP per capita (group) (categories)Classification of countries by GDP into high, medium and low
ControlGDP per capita (bin) ($)Countries classified within each GDP group into categories in intervals of 10 K ranging from 0 K–110 K
ControlContinents and CountriesContinents:
Asia (AS), Europe (EU), Oceania (OA), North America (NA) and South America (SA)
Countries included in the above continents:
Israel, Korea, Belgium, Switzerland, Czeck Republic, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Turkey, United States of America, Australia, Costa Rica, Mexico
HealthCompulsory Health Expenditure ($)Current health expenditure including personal health care &collective services but excluding spending on investments.
HealthLife Expectancy at Birth (Years)How long, on average, a newborn can expect to live, if current death rates do not change
HealthPotential Year of Life Lost (Years lost per 100,000 persons, aged 0–69)Summary measure of premature mortality, providing an explicit way of weighting deaths occurring at younger ages, which may be preventable.
HealthDeaths from Cancer (Deaths per 100,000 persons)Numbers of deaths registered in a country in a year divided by the size of the corresponding population.
HealthInfant Mortality Rate (per 1000 live births)The number of deaths of children under one year of age, expressed per 1000 live births
HealthSmoking Rate (%)% of the population aged 15 years and over who report smoking every day.
HealthRate of Child Vaccination
[Age: 15–19] (%)
Percentage of children who receive the respective vaccination in the recommended timeframe.
HealthRate of Child Vaccination [20–24] (%)