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Table 3 Multi-variate and bi-variate analysis of the risk factor

From: Epidemiology of neonatal infections in hospitals of Nepal: evidence from a large- scale study

Variablescrude Odds Ratio (cOR)P-valueadjusted Odds Ratio (aOR)P-value
Advantageous group (ref- disadvantageous group)1.34 (1.11–1.62)0.0021.28 (1.03–1.60)0.028
0 previous birth (ref- ≥1 previous birth)1.59 (1.31–1.92)< 0.0011.64 (1.30–2.06)< 0.001
No Antenatal check up (ref- with Antenatal check up)3.15 (1.72–5.78)< 0.0013.45 (1.82–6.56)< 0.001
Suspected maternal infection
(ref- no maternal infection)
2.03 (1.64–2.51)< 0.0011.13 (0.80–1.59)< 0.001
Caesarean section
(ref- vaginal delivery)
2.20 (1.81–2.68)< 0.0012.06 (1.48–2.87)< 0.001
Birth asphyxia
(ref- no birth asphyxia)
3.77 (2.05–6.91)< 0.0013.51 (1.71–7.20)0.001