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Table 5 Correlation analyses of the Igbo-HADS [obtained from participants from rural Nigerian communities involved in the cross-sectional validity testing on 22 August 2014]

From: Detecting anxiety and depression among people with limited literacy living with chronic low back pain in Nigeria: adaptation and validation of the hospital anxiety and depression scale

  Igbo-HADS (anxiety) Igbo-HADS (depression) Igbo-HADS (total)
BS-11 0.484** 0.373** 0.503**
Igbo-RMDQ 0.570** 0.300** 0.521**
Igbo-WHODAS (total) 0.685** 0.528** 0.712**
Cognition 0.580** 0.470** 0.614**
Mobility 0.625** 0.403** 0.610**
Self-care 0.494** 0.362** 0.504**
Getting along 0.408** 0.322** 0.428**
Life activities 0.565** 0.389** 0.564**
Participation 0.549** 0.539** 0.629**
Igbo-FABQ total 0.545** 0.380** 0.546**
Igbo-FABQ (PA) 0.492** 0.353** 0.498**
Igbo-FABQ (W) 0.522** 0.353** 0.517**
  1. **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05