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Table 4 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of antenatal depression among pregnant women at South Gondar Zone Towns, Northwest Ethiopia, 2020

From: Depression remains a neglected public health problem among pregnant women in Northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Antenatal Depression COR at 95%CI AOR at 95%C
Yes No   
Marital status
 Married 85 366 1 1
 Unmarried 49 48 4.39 (2.767,6.982) 3.32 (1.363,8.099)**
Lack of food or Hunger
 Yes 30 23 4.90 (2.733, 8.799) 1.38 (0.112, 17.006)
 No 104 391 1 1
Debit
 Yes 31 26 4.49 (2.554, 7.899) 1.81 (0.164, 20.005)
 No 103 388 1 1
Pregnancy is planned
 Yes 53 300 1 1
 No 81 114 4.02 (2.674, 6.048) 2.99 (1.363,6.547)**
History of stillbirth(n = 330)
 Yes 20 17 4.47(2.210, 9.059) 3.56 (1.234, 10.296) **
 No 61 232 1 1
Current pregnancy complication
 Yes 37 23 5.26 (3.067, 9.015) 1.98 (0.653, 5.992)
 No 97 391 1 1
Fear of pregnancy complication
 Yes 105 161 5.69 (3.606,8.978) 3.84 (1.533,9.623)**
 No 29 253 1 1
Chronic illness
 Yes 23 22 3.69 (1.984, 6.872) 8.14 (2.144,30.914) **
 No 111 392 1 1
Previous history of depression
 Yes 65 46 7.52 (4.772, 11.900) 2.04 (0.734, 5.664)
 No 69 368 1 1
Family history of depression
 Yes 32 15 8.35 (4.353, 15.997) 1.65 (0.343,7.942)
 No 102 399 1 1
Negative life event
 No 67 376 1 1
 Yes 67 38 9.89 (6.151, 15.916) 4.06 (1.706, 9.659) **
Social Support
 Poor 63 101 2.65 (1.579, 4.451) 0.74 (0.266, 2.076)
 Moderate 43 194 0.94 (0.556, 1.597) 0.68 (0.238, 1.938)
 Strong 28 119 1 1
Intimate partner violence (IPV)
 Yes 107 118 9.94 (6.195, 15.953) 3.91 (1.649, 9.264) **
 No 27 296 1 1
Alcohol misuse
 Yes 41 64 2.41 (1.531, 3.796) 1.08 (0.414, 2.811)
 No 93 350 1 1
  1. N.B: Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio; COR = Crude odds ratio; AOR = Adjusted odds ratio, 1 = Reference, Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test = 0.7630
  2. ** (P < 0.01); *(P < 0.05)