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Table 2 Comparison between the reference period (2015–2019) and the first COVID-19 lockdown (2020) of profile characteristics of the clients from an abortion centre in a central city in Flanders (Belgium), based on bivariate (multinomial) logistic regressions (n = 4243)

From: Abortion care in a pandemic: an analysis of the number and social profile of people requesting and receiving abortion care during the first COVID-19 lockdown (March 16 to June 14, 2020) in Flanders, Belgium

   Average % 2015–2019 % 2020 Odds-ratio
Model b1: Migration background No migration background (ref. cat.) 43.41 40.82 /
Western- and Southern Europe 6.00 7.14 1.26
Balkan/central Europe/western CIS and Caucasus 12.23 11.73 1.01
Maghreb 11.03 11.39 1.09
Turkey 1.62 1.87 1.25
Middle East 2.55 4.59 1.93**
Sub-Saharan Africa 12.01 11.90 1.06
America and Oceania 5.40 6.97 1.39
Asia 5.71 3.57 0.66
Model b2: Employment status In paid employment (ref. cat.) 61.07 56.46 /
Studying 6.89 7.82 1.22
Not employed nor studying 22.47 27.21 1.31**
Unknown 9.57 8.50 0.96
Model b3: Educational level Tertiary education 22.04 17.35 1.01
Non-tertiary education (ref. cat.) 62.60 48.64 /
Unknown foreign education 2.68 3.74 1.78*
Unknown 12.60 30.27 3.09***
Model b4: Marital status Single/living alone (ref. cat.) 49.58 51.36 /
Married 18.75 22.45 1.15
Unmarried cohabitation 26.14 22.45 0.85
Divorced/in process/widowed 4.94 3.74 0.59*
Model b5: Pregnancy term 0–8 weeks (ref. cat.) 58.02 62.41 /
9–14 weeks 25.95 21.77 0.79*
No abortion 16.03 15.82 0.92
Model b6: Contraceptive method No modern method (ref. cat.) 50.63 63.78 /
Modern method 49.37 36.22 0.58***
Model b7: Contraceptive use No usage (ref. cat.) 45.53 57.14 /
Irregular or inaccurate usage 30.57 26.02 0.68***
Correct usage 17.93 12.76 0.57***
Unknown 5.98 4.08 0.54**
  1. *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001