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Table 1 Characteristics of Chinese adults aged 45 years and above by urban-rural setting (N = 19,291)

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the chronic diseases management among Chinese adults aged 45 years and above: a cross sectional study

Variable Rural   Urban   Total  
  n % n % n %
Year
 2011 8969 80.4 5936 72.9 14,905 77.3
 2013 1080 9.7 956 11.7 2036 10.5
 2015 1100 9.9 1250 15.4 2350 12.2
Age
 45–60 6640 59.6 4874 59.9 11,514 59.7
 61–75 3687 33.1 2637 32.4 6324 32.8
  > 75 822 7.4 631 7.7 1453 7.5
Gender
 Male 5484 49.2 3860 47.4 9344 48.4
 Female 5665 50.8 4282 52.6 9947 51.6
Marital status
 Living alone 1957 17.6 1254 15.4 3211 16.6
 Living with spouse 9192 82.4 6888 84.6 16,080 83.4
Education
 Illiterate 5282 47.4 2154 26.5 7436 38.6
 Primary 2950 26.5 1856 22.8 4806 24.9
 Secondary and above 2917 26.2 4132 50.7 7049 36.5
Economic status a
  < $2 5085 45.6 1931 23.7 7016 36.4
 $2–$4 3436 30.8 2258 27.7 5694 29.5
  ≥ $4 2628 23.6 3953 48.6 6581 34.1
Social health insurance b
 NCMS&URBMI 10,195 91.4 4804 59.0 14,999 77.8
 UEBMI&GIS 300 2.7 2485 30.5 2785 14.4
 No coverage 654 5.9 853 10.5 1507 7.8
Smoke
 Never 6600 59.2 5099 62.6 11,699 60.6
 Quit 935 8.4 774 9.5 1709 8.9
 Still smoke 3614 32.4 2269 27.9 5883 30.5
Drink
 Never 7314 65.6 5358 65.8 12,672 65.7
  ≤ 1 time per month 842 7.6 718 8.8 1560 8.1
  > 1 time per month 2993 26.8 2066 25.4 5059 26.2
  1. a Daily household per capita living expenditures were used to measure economic status, adjusted for inflations relative to the year 2015. We used the exchange rate 1USD = 6.23RMB in the year 2015
  2. b NCMS, New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; URBMI, Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance. UEBMI, Urban Employee Basic Medical insurance; GIS, government insurance scheme. These insurance schemes are grouped together because they provide similar benefit packages