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Table 1 Out of pocket expenditure by mode of delivery, duration and hospital of birth (n = 21,697)

From: Payment mechanism for institutional births in Nepal

Out of pocket expenditure Mean ± SD in USD Median P50 (P25, P75) in USD p-value*
Mode of delivery (n = 21,602)    < 0.001
 Vaginal delivery (n-15,311) 38.26 ± 25.82 32.6 (20.6–50.7)  
 Instrumental delivery (n-841) 42.87 ± 24.27 37.8 (24.9–59.0)  
 Caesarean delivery (n-5,450) 50.59 ± 30.22 43.3 (28.9–66.2)  
Duration of stay    < 0.001
 1 to 2 days (n-14,124) 39.0 ± 25.5 33.5 (21.2–51.1)  
 2 to 3 days (n-4,740) 45.9 ± 33.8 37.8 (25.0-60.3)  
 4 to 7 days (n-1,719) 46.4± 28.3 41.8 (25.1–61.7)  
 7 days or more (n-457) 53.2 ± 36.1 44.7 (26.5–68.7)  
Hospital    < 0.001
 Surkhet Provincial hospital (n-2,034) 26.95 ± 19.62 19.8 (14.7–31.8)  
 Bardiya hospital (n-89) 23.08 ± 9.90 20.5 (16.7–25.7)  
 Bharatpur hospital (n-3,879) 36.60 ± 28.77 30.0 (22.3–40.7)  
 Seti Provincial hospital (n-657) 41.70 ± 29.82 35.0 (20.3–52.5)  
 Nuwakot hospital (n-464) 43.11 ± 29.81 35.3 (21.9–54.4)  
 Koshi Provincial hospital (2,370) 31.18 ± 26.66 24.9 (16.3–38.4)  
 Rapti hospital (2,560) 33.72 ± 29.46 23.9 (16.3–39.1)  
 Prithivi Chandra hospital (159) 14.82 ± 5.99 13.5 (11.1–15.9)  
 Lumbini Provincial hospital (8,922) 51.83 ± 23.40 47.4 (33.5–64.9)  
 Bheri hospital (350) 57.33 ± 27.43 60.3 (41.5–65.4)  
 Pythan hospital (213) 46.96 ± 29.84 42.4 (25.9–62.6)  
  1. *Kruskal Wallis Test