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Table 3 Bivariate logistic regression results for factors associated with anemia among married women: Evidence from DHSs of 19 sub-Saharan African countries

From: Prevalence of anemia and its associated factors among married women in 19 sub-Saharan African countries

Variables cOR[95% CI] P-value
Age in years
 15–19 Ref  
 20–24 0.79 (0.63–0.99)* 0.047
 25–29 0.79 (0.63–0.99)* 0.041
 30–34 0.86 (0.68–1.08) 0.197
 35–39 0.79 (0.64–0.98)* 0.039
 40–44 0.86 (0.67–1.11) 0.277
 45–49 0.73 (0.56–0.95)* 0.021
Women’s educational level
 No formal education Ref  
 Primary school 0.72 (0.60–0.86)*** p < 0.001
 Secondary school 0.49 (0.38–0.63)*** p < 0.001
 Higher 0.39 (0.19–0.81)* 0.012
Husband's educational level
 No formal education Ref  
 Primary school 0.66 (0.56–0.79)*** p < 0.001
 Secondary school 0.53 (0.42–0.68)*** p < 0.001
 Higher 0.45 (0.21–0.95)* 0.037
Women's occupation
 Not working Ref  
 Professional or technical or managerial 0.28 (0.15–0.52)*** p < 0.001
 Agricultural 0.88 (0.74–1.06) 0.213
 Manual 0.62 (0.48–0.82)** 0.001
 Others 0.78 (0.64–0.95)* 0.016
Wealth index
 Poorest Ref  
 Poor 0.92 (0.77–1.11) 0.434
 Middle 0.83 (0.70–0.99)* 0.047
 Rich 0.67 (0.56–0.81)*** p < 0.001
 Richest 0.52 (0.42–0.64)*** p < 0.001
Reading of newspaper
 No   
 Yes 0.53 (0.39–0.73)*** p < 0.001
Listening to radio
 No   
 Yes 0.83 (0.72–0.94)** 0.006
Watching television
 No   
 Yes 0.72 (0.63–0.83)*** p < 0.001
Place of residence
 Urban Ref  
 Rural 1.55 (1.32–1.83)*** p < 0.001
Decision making
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.90 (0.75–1.08) 0.268
Wife beating attitude
 Accept/justify Ref  
 Disagree/Not justify 1.03 (0.92–1.15) 0.553
Family size
 < 5 Ref  
 5+ 0.96 (0.84–1.09) 0.556
Barriers to healthcare access
 No Ref  
 Yes 1.14 (0.99–1.32) 0.060
Improved sanitation
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.65 (0.56–0.76)*** p < 0.001
Contraceptive use
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.56 (0.47–0.67)*** p < 0.001
Religion
 Christian Ref  
 Muslim 1.43 (1.25–1.64)*** p < 0.001
 Others 0.92 (0.75–1.13) 0.444
Parity
 Zero Ref  
 1–2 1.15 (0.90–1.46) 0.242
 3–4 1.12 (0.87–1.43) 0.358
 5+ 1.16 (0.91–1.47) 0.225
  1. Ref references, cOR crude Odd Ratio, aOR adjusted Odd Ratio, * significant at p < 0.05, ** significant at p < 0.01, *** significant at p < 0.001.