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Table 1 Distribution of woman’s fertility desire and test of its association with potential factors (n = 243)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with fertility desire among HIV-positive women in Rwanda in the context of improved life expectancy

Variable Categories Category Total (% of sample) Desire more child (% of category) P-value
Woman’s age (years) 15–24 38 (15.6) 31 (81.6) <  0.001
25–34 94 (38.7) 50 (53.2)  
35–49 111(45.7) 18 (16.2)  
Marital status Living with partner 126 (51.9) 52 (41.3) 0.862
Not in union 117 (48.1) 47 (40.2)  
Has a co-wife No 108 (44.4) 47 (43.5) 0.431
Other 135 (55.6) 52 (38.5)  
Sexually active No 123 (50.6) 46 (37.4) 0.283
Yes 120 (49.4) 53 (42.2)  
Age at first sex Below 19 years 125 (51.4) 49 (39.2) 0.615
Other 118 (48.6) 50 (42.4)  
Number of sexual unions Once 141 (58.0) 55 (39.0) 0.518
Other 102 (42.0) 44 (43.1)  
Ideal number of children At most 2 75 (30.9) 35 (46.7) 0.209
3 or above 168(69.1) 64 (38.1)  
Current contraceptive use No 159(65.4) 83(52.2) < 0.001
Yes 84(34.6) 16(19.0)  
Religion Catholic 85 (35.0) 31 (36.5) 0.568
Protestants 109 (44.9) 48 (44.0)  
Other 49 (20.2) 20 (40.8)  
Woman’s education No education 45 (18.5) 16 (35.6) 0.153
At most Primary 153 (63.0) 59 (38.6)  
Secondary or higher 45 (18.5) 24 (53.3)  
Number of living children None 29 (11.9) 25 (86.2) <  0.001
1–2 107 (44.0) 60 (56.1)  
3 or above 107 (44.0) 14 (13.1)  
Currently employed No 47 (19.3) 28 (59.6) 0.003
Yes 196 (80.7) 71 (36.2)  
Partner’s desire for children Wants the same 84 (34.6) 30 (35.7) 0.246
Other 159 (65.4) 69 (43.4)  
Household’s economic status Low 47 (19.3) 14 (29.8) 0.122
Medium 99 (40.7) 39 (39.4)  
High 97 (39.9) 46 (47.4)  
Type of place of residence Urban 114 (46.9) 53 (46.5) 0.086
Rural 129 (53.1) 46 (35.7)  
Partner’s occupation Agriculture 40 (16.5) 12 (30.0) 0.130
Other 203 (83.5) 87 (42.9)