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Table 1 Sociodemographic and other characteristics of Lebanese hospital nurses (= 500)

From: Nurses’ eating habits in Lebanon during the economic and health crises: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Incidence
Gender, n(%)
 Male 107 (21.4)
 Female 393 (78.6)
Age, mean (SD) 33 (7.44)
Marital status, n(%)
 Single 210 (42)
 Married 278 (55.6)
 Divorced 12 (2.4)
Diploma, n(%)
 Higher technical 110 (22)
 Bachelor’s degree 275 (55)
 Master’s degree 115 (23)
Clinical experience (years), mean (SD) 11 (7)
Professional title, n(%)
 Registered Nurse 374 (74.8)
 Head of Department 77 (15.4)
 Supervisor 45 (9)
Working shifts, n(%)
 Always day 212 (42.4)
 Always night 71 (14.2)
 Day and night 217 (43.4)
Number of patients/shift, mean (SD) 10 (9)
Working units, n(%)
 COVID-19 special units 67 (13.4)
 Other units 433 (86.6)
Caring for COVID-19 patients, n(%)
 Yes 266 (53.2)
 No 234 (46.8)
Overall satisfaction at work, n(%)
 Not satisfied 118 (23.6)
 Somewhat satisfied 179 (35.8)
 Satisfied 173 (34.6)
 Very satisfied 30 (6)
Feeling stressed, n(%)
 Yes 403 (80.6)
 No 97 (19.4)
Stress triggers, n(%)
 Economic crisis 389 (96.5)
 COVID-19 contamination risk 306 (75.9)
 Wearing PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) 204 (50.6)
 Stigmatizing attitudes towards nurses 220 (54.6)
 Other 291 (72.2)
Monthly income (LBP) (1,500 LBP =1$), n(%)
 < 1 500 000 LL 257 (51.4)
 1 500 000 LL - 2 400 000 LL 185 (37)
 2 500 000 LL -3 400 000 LL 41 (8.2)
 >3 500 000 LL 17 (3.4)
Decrease in income due to the economic crisis, n (%)
 Yes 293 (58.6)
 No 207 (41.4)
Crowding Index, n(%)
 ≥ 1 288 (57.6)
 < 1 212 (42.4)
People under nurse financial charge, n(%)
 < 3 275 (55)
 ≥ 3 225 (45)
Financial difficulties to buy healthy Food, n(%)
 Yes 381 (76.2)
 No 119 (23.8)
Changing in weight, n(%)
 Losing 169 (33.8)
 Same 170 (34)
 Gaining 161 (32.2)
Changing in eating habits, n(%)
 Yes 353 (70.6)
 No 147 (29.4)
Nature of the change in eating habits, n(%)
 Good change 111 (31.4)
 Unfavorable 242 (68.6)
Corrective actions (for the unfavorable change), n(%)
 None 111 (45.8)
 Workout 90 (37.1)
 Dietary counseling 45 (18.5)
 Self-management 139 (57.4)
Reasons of changing in eating habits, n(%)
 Economic crisis 282 (79.9)
 Lockdown 232 (65.7)
 Wearing PPE 120 (33.9)
 Boosting immune system 152 (43.05)
 Other (workload, …) 252 (71.3)