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Table 1 Patients characteristics when starting TB treatment at Kilifi County from 2012 to 2019

From: Tuberculosis poor treatment outcomes and its determinants in Kilifi County, Kenya: a retrospective cohort study from 2012 to 2019

Features Successful outcomes (N = 12,298) Poor outcomes (N = 2408) All patients
(N = 14,706)
Sex    
Male 7265 (59) 1526 (63) 8791 (60)
Female 5033 (41) 882 (37) 5915 (40)
Age in years
  18 to 30 years 4097 (33) 692 (29) 4789 (33)
  31 to 40 years 3397 (28) 602 (25) 3999 (27)
  41 to 50 years 2067 (17) 423 (18) 2490 (17)
  51 + years 2737 (22) 691 (29) 3428 (23)
Patient type
  New cases 10,953 (89) 2074 (86) 13,027 (89)
  Re-treatment cases 1345 (11) 334 (14) 1679 (11)
TB type
  Pulmonary 10,875 (88) 2100 (87) 12,975 (88)
  Extrapulmonary 1423 (12) 308 (13) 1731 (12)
Nutrition status
  Undernourished 3582 (29) 727 (30) 4309 (29)
  Normal BMI 6360 (52) 1185 (49) 7545 (51)
  Overweight 1588 (13) 290 (12) 1878 (13)
  Missing 768 (6.2) 206 (8.6) 974 (6.6)
HIV status
  HIV uninfected 8827 (72) 1484 (62) 10,311 (70)
  HIV infected on ARVS 3203 (26) 834 (35) 4037 (27)
  HIV infected not on ARVS 144 (1.2) 61 (2.5) 205 (1.4)
  Unknown HIV status 124 (1.0) 29 (1.2) 153 (1.0)
Sector of recruitment health facility
  Public 9669 (79) 1852 (77) 11,521 (78)
  Private 2402 (20) 527 (22) 2929 (20)
  Prisons 227 (1.9) 29 (1.2) 256 (1.7)
DOT
  Family-based 10,939 (89) 2161 (90) 13,100 (89)
  Community volunteer 717 (5.8) 121 (5.0) 838 (5.7)
  Health worker 642 (5.2) 126 (5.2) 768 (5.3)
Treatment regimen
  2RHZE/4RH 11,223 (91) 2166 (90) 13,389 (91)
  2SRHZE/1RHZE/5RHE 881 (7.2) 199 (8.3) 1080 (7.3)
  2RHZ/4RH 137 (1.1) 31 (1.3) 168 (1.2)
  Others 57 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 69 (0.5)
TB diagnosis
  Bacteriologically confirmed 6262 (51) 1151 (48) 7413 (50)
  Clinical signs 6036 (49) 1257 (52) 7293 (50)
Nutritional support
  No support 110 (0.9) 28 (1.2) 138 (0.9)
  Nutritional counselling 125 (1.0) 17 (0.7) 142 (1.0)
  Counselling & food support 8430 (69) 1818 (75) 10,248 (70)
  Food support & no counselling 3633 (30) 545 (23) 4178 (28)
  Underlying comorbidities 113 (0.9) 79 (3.3) 192 (1.3)
Sub County
  Kilifi North 2364 (19) 492 (20) 2856 (19)
  Kilifi South 1996 (16) 392 (16) 2388 (16)
  Kaloleni 2317 (19) 524 (22) 2841 (19)
  Malindi 2905 (24) 609 (25) 3514 (24)
  Magarini 1451 (12) 202 (8.4) 1653 (11)
  Ganze 632 (5.1) 93 (3.9) 725 (4.9)
  Rabai 633 (5.2) 96 (4.0) 729 (5.0)
  1. DOT Direct observed treatment, BMI Body Mass Index, ARVs Antiretroviral