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Table 3 Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension components and overall scores of no chronic physical condition, one physical chronic condition and two or more chronic physical conditions, Singapore, 2019-2020, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices study on diabetes 

From: Dietary patterns of persons with chronic conditions within a multi-ethnic population: results from the nationwide Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices survey on diabetes in Singapore

   Total sample
(n = 2895)
No chronic physical condition
(n = 1243)
(Weighted = 46.21%)
One chronic physical condition
(n = 760)
(Weighted = 26.32%)
Two or more chronic physical conditions
(n = 884)
(Weighted = 27.21%)
DASHa components
(servings/d)
  Mean (S.D.)
Fruits 0.96 0.89 1.02 1.03
  (0.91) (0.84) (0.96) (0.95)
Vegetables 1.57 1.52 1.62 1.60
  (1.14) (1.12) (1.14) (1.19)
Nuts/Legumes 0.67 0.61 0.77 0.65
  (0.82) (0.75) (0.91) (0.85)
Low fat dairy 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.31
  (0.47) (0.46) (0.45) (0.49)
Whole grains 1.63 1.51 1.73 1.75
  (1.87) (1.72) (2.10) (1.88)
Red and processed meat 0.57 0.59 0.58 0.51
  (0.66) (0.67) (0.68) (0.63)
Sweetened beverages 0.34 0.36 0.37 0.27
  (0.52) (0.52) (0.56) (0.47)
DASH scoreb   19.05 18.54 19.19 19.75
  (4.84) (4.57) (4.83) (5.17)
  1. aDietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
  2. bDASH scores are calculated based on quintile score from each of the seven components