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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression on trust in COVID-19 vaccine and willingness towards uptake among first phase COVID-19 vaccination target population in Ghana, 2021

From: Trust and willingness towards COVID-19 vaccine uptake: a mixed-method study in Ghana, 2021

  Willingness to take vaccine (No) Willingness to take vaccine (Yes)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI
Trust (No trust) 0 [0,0] 0 [0,0] 0 [0,0] 0 [0,0]
 Moderate -1.272 ** [-2.111, -0.433] -1.259 ** [-2.194, -0.323] 2.093 *** [1.008,3.179] 2.161 *** [0.983,3.339]
 Full trust -0.788 [-3.285,1.708] -0.397 [-3.026,2.232] 5.445 *** [3.233,7.657] 5.669 *** [3.291,8.047]
  1.482 *** [0.795,2.168]    -0.511 [-1.523,0.501]   
Vaccine deployment group of respondents (60 years and above)     
 Essential worker    1.259 [-1.108,3.626]    -0.0356 [-2.215,2.144]
 Frontline executive/Security personnel    1.739 [-1.141,4.620]    1.379 [-1.241,4.000]
 Health worker    1.042 [-1.563,3.647]    1.260 [-1.029,3.549]
 People with underlying conditions    -0.215 [-3.530,3.100]    -1.046 [-3.904,1.813]
 Religious leader    14.42 [-1022.2,1051.0]    12.17 [-1024.4,1048.8]
 Teacher    2.326 [-0.470,5.123]    1.651 [-0.937,4.238]
Age (< 20–29)    0 [0,0]    0 [0,0]
 30–39    -0.453 [-1.465,0.559]    -0.285 [-1.219,0.649]
 40–49    -0.941 [-2.416,0.534]    0.625 [-0.669,1.919]
 50–59    -2.231 [-4.613,0.152]    0.0539 [-1.365,1.473]
 60+    -0.969 [-2.819,0.882]    1.424 [-0.244,3.092]
Sex (Female)    0 [0,0]    0 [0,0]
 Male    0.424 [-0.430,1.279]    0.247 [-0.542,1.036]
Level of education (No formal education)    0 [0,0]    0 [0,0]
 Basic education    1.199 [-2.145,4.542]    1.279 [-1.748,4.305]
 Sec/Voc    0.944 [-2.260,4.147]    1.026 [-1.716,3.768]
 Higher/Tertiary    0.341 [-2.815,3.497]    1.224 [-1.470,3.918]
Sector of employment (Informal worker)    0 [0,0]    0 [0,0]
 Formal worker    -0.147 [-1.405,1.110]    -0.0137 [-1.211,1.184]
 Unemployed/Student    1.055 [-1.622,3.732]    -0.149 [-2.600,2.303]
 _cons    -0.123 [-4.055,3.810]    -2.541 [-6.052,0.970]
 Log lik. -240.5       -213.1  
 Chi-squared 182.5       237.3  
 N 415       415  
  1. Base category – Not sure; 95% confidence intervals in brackets; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001