If at first you don't succeed, try, try, try again. A message for Public Health Research in Belgium
Archives of Public Health volume 67, Article number: 1 (2009)
One year ago, the Archives of Public Health took a new start and became an electronic journal. We were successful in publishing four issues, each with three peer-reviewed articles, with editorials, book reviews and executive summaries of PhD dissertations.
The topic of the papers covered a variety of public health issues. There were papers on public health nutrition [1, 2], on mental health [3, 4], on tobacco smoking [5, 6], on occupational health , patient rights , divorce and health , primary care , health services research  and cancer screening . The editor's favourite was the latter. Within this paper the results of four systematic reviews on respectively colorectal, breast, prostate, and cervical cancer screening are discussed in relation to the European guidelines and strategies for Belgium.
In the current issue, the Archives of Public Health continues to present the richness of the diversity of public health research with papers on cognitive impairment screening in general practice , depression  and health care access for asylum seekers . A public health topic which was not present in last year's volume and which cannot be found among recently submitted papers either is infectious diseases. This is somewhat unexpected given the very interesting congress on infectious disease and public health organised by the Belgian Association of Public Health in December 2008. During this congress, several outstanding papers on statistical methods in infectious disease surveillance and control were presented. The journal especially welcomes papers related to infectious disease surveillance.
In the last editorial of 2008, the development of epidemiology and its relationship to the level of academic education and field training was discussed . In Belgium, we still have a long way to go to match up with the other EU countries. This is also reflected in the position of Belgium as to the number of scientific publications and citations. In the SCImago Journal and Country Ranking (http://www.scimagojr.com), which compares EU countries for the period 1996-2007, Belgium only ranked 11th in the field of public health, environmental and occupational Health and 12th in the field of epidemiology. For epidemiology, the Belgian production level is only 20% compared to the Netherlands, France, Italy, Sweden.
These observations make us wonder: why is Belgium lagging behind? Is it related to the academic education and the virtual non-existence of advanced training in public health? Is it caused by a lack of attractive research careers for young people? Is the investment in public health science too low and too little? Are the funding mechanisms too archaic? Or has it just something to do with the publication culture that is driving public health researchers and public health departments?
Is public health research and epidemiology doing worse compared to other domains or is the Belgian position similar for all scientific domains? Within the health sector we observe for the same period that medicine in general is ranked at number 10, internal medicine at 11 and clinical genetics at 13. Some examples outside the health sectors are: mathematics at number 8, physics at 9 and social sciences at 10. In general, Belgium is never among the top 5 countries.
However, even if the problem is not limited to public health, it is time that the public health community reacts. Universities, research institutes, funding agencies, governments and especially researchers themselves have to define what contributions they can make to remedy the current situation. The Belgian Association of Public Health should also be challenged by these figures and take this up as an urgent issue to be tackled.
Huybrechts I, Matthys C, Pynaert I, De Maeyer M, Bellemans M, De Geeter H, et al: Flanders preschool dietary survey: rationale, aims, design, methodology and population characteristics. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 5-25.
Vandevijvere S, Van Oyen H: Sodium intake in the Belgian population. Research limitations and policy implications. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 187-95.
Cameron JI, Steward DE, Tomlinson GA, Franche RL, Hyman I, Cheung AM: Emotional distress among family caregivers in Canada: Longitudinal analysis of the National Population Health survey. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 35-45.
Gouwy A, Christiaens W, Bracke P: Mental health services use in the general Belgian popula-tion: estimating the impact of mental health and social determinants. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 50-68.
Richter M, Lampert T: The role of socioeconomic status, peer and school context for adolescent smoking. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 69-87.
Smith DR, Leggat P: Australian Tobacco Smoking Rates by Occupation: Results for Three National Surveys conducted between 1989 and 2001. 2008, 66: 124-136.
Beemsterboer WGM, Groothoff JW, Nijhuis FJN: A literature review on sick leave frequency determinants of the past decades. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 26-34.
Schoonacker M, Louckx F, Vanroelen C: The Belgian Law on Patient Rights in the practice of medical specialists. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 137-57.
Bronselaer JLJ, De Koker BSM, Van Peer CMA: The impact of divorce on the health status of expartners. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 168-86.
AI-Windi A: Overweight and obesity in primary practice. A patient-based study. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 88-101.
Mortelmans AK, Donceel P, Lahaye D, Bulterys S: The role of the curative physician in disability management. A literature review. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 196-212.
Neyt M, De Laet C, Van de Sande S, Hulstaert F, Paulus D, Van den Bruel A, Mambourg F, Vinck I, Ramaekers D: Cancer screening: EU recommendations and current practice in Belgium. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 109-24.
Buntinx F, Paquay L, Ylieff M, De Lepeleire J: Progression and improvement after mild cognitive impairment. Arch Public Health. 2009, 67: 7-14.
Van de Velde S, Levecque K, Bracke P: Measurement Equivalence of the CES-D 8 in the General Population in Belgium: a Gender Perspective. Arch Public Health. 2009, 67: 15-29.
Bell P, Zech E: Access to mental health for asylum seekers in the European Union: an analysis of disparities between legal rights and reality. Arch Public Health. 2009, 67: 30-44.
Van Oyen H: Wear the willow is bad for your health. Arch Public Health. 2008, 66: 166-7.
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Van Oyen, H. If at first you don't succeed, try, try, try again. A message for Public Health Research in Belgium. Arch Public Health 67, 1 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/0778-7367-67-1-1