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Supplementation with crude rhubarb extract lessens liver inflammation and hepatic lipid accumulation in a model of acute alcohol-induced steato-hepatitis

Background

Binge consumption of alcohol is an alarming global health problem and is implicated in the pathophysiology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) [1]. In its early stages, ALD it is characterized by fatty liver [1]. Moreover, numerous studies are supporting the concept that beyond this hepatic steatosis physiological processes, inflammation occurred in the progression of the disease [2]. Strategies directed to reduce fat accumulation and local hepatic inflammation caused by alcohol consumption might succeed blocking the evolution of ALD. In this sense, natural plants rich in bioactive constituents are attracting a growing interest as new therapeutic agents. Several studies have reported health benefits coming from rhubarb extract rich in anthraquinones [3, 4]. The aim of the present study was to test the potential hepatoprotective effects of rhubarb extract supplementation in a model of acute alcohol-induced steato-hepatitis.

Materials and methods

Male C57Bl6J mice were fed with a control diet supplemented or not with 0.3% rhubarb extract (Laboratoires Ortis, Belgium). After 17 days, mice received a huge dose of ethanol (6g/kg bw) and were sacrificed 6 hours after the alcohol challenge. Liver oil red O staining and hepatic lipid contents were determined to assess hepatic steatosis whereas the expression of pro-inflammatory markers were analysed in the liver tissue by quantitative PCR to assess hepatic inflammation.

Results

Ethanol administration caused a massive increase of hepatic triglycerides and, in a lesser extent, in total cholesterol inside the liver tissue (table 1). Rhubarb extract decreased hepatic triglyceride content. This effect was confirmed by histological analysis (figure 1). Interestingly, rhubarb extract supplementation blunted the ethanol-induced F4/80 expression, suggesting a lower recruitment of inflammatory cells inside the liver (figure 2). Moreover, proinflammatory markers such as TNF-α, IL-6, MCP-1 and COX-2 were down-regulated in the liver of mice fed with rhubarb extract (figure 2).

Table 1 Hepatic lipid contents
Figure 1
figure1

Fat accumulation in the liver

Figure 2
figure2

Expression of hepatic inflammatory markers

Conclusions

These results suggest that rhubarb extract rich in anthraquinones might decrease liver tissue injury, namely hepatic lipid accumulation and inflammatory disorders caused by acute alcohol consumption.

References

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Correspondence to Audrey M Neyrinck.

Additional information

Audrey M Neyrinck, Usune Etxeberria contributed equally to this work.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Neyrinck, A.M., Etxeberria, U., Jouret, A. et al. Supplementation with crude rhubarb extract lessens liver inflammation and hepatic lipid accumulation in a model of acute alcohol-induced steato-hepatitis. Arch Public Health 72, P6 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2049-3258-72-S1-P6

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Keywords

  • Anthraquinone
  • Hepatic Steatosis
  • Alcoholic Liver Disease
  • Hepatic Triglyceride
  • Ethanol Administration