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Methodology

Section edited by: Georgia Ntani and Renata Yokota

This section welcomes articles describing how to do research with a particular focus on public health methods, including epidemiological study designs (observational and experimental), review and meta-analysis, and statistical tools.  We are particularly interested in manuscripts that introduce early career researcher to specific methodological topics and give them guidance on how to do research.

  1. In 1995, Eide and Gefeller introduced the concepts of sequential and average attributable fractions as methods to partition the risk of disease among differing exposures. In particular, sequential attributable...

    Authors: John Ferguson, Maurice O’Connell and Martin O’Donnell

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Many diet-related surveys have been conducted in England over the past four to five decades. Yet, diet-related ill-health is estimated to cost the NHS £5.8 billion annually. There has been no recent assessment...

    Authors: Monique Campbell, Dianna Smith, Janis Baird, Christina Vogel and Emeritus Graham Moon

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:66

    Content type: Methodology

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  3. Body fat estimation allows measuring changes over time attributed to interventions and treatments in different settings such as hospitals, clinical practice, nursing homes and research. However, only few studi...

    Authors: Erika Aparecida Silveira, Larissa Silva Barbosa, Ana Paula Santos Rodrigues, Matias Noll and Cesar De Oliveira

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:65

    Content type: Research

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  4. Application of time series modeling to predict reports related to maltreatment of vulnerable adults can be helpful for efficient early planning and resource allocation to handle a high volume of investigations...

    Authors: Nelís Soto-Ramírez, Janet Odeku, Courtney Foxe, Cynthia Flynn and Diana Tester

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:53

    Content type: Research

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  5. The trend of increasing caesarean deliveries in developed countries over the past three decades is now being observed in sub-Saharan African. This rise might be associated with an increase in the complications...

    Authors: Tsi Njim, Bayee Swiri Tanyitiku and Clarence Mbanga

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:51

    Content type: Systematic review

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  6. In 2018 the first Belgian Health Examination Survey (BELHES) took place. The target group included all Belgian residents aged 18 years and older. The BELHES was organized as a second stage of the sixth Belgian...

    Authors: Diem Nguyen, Pauline Hautekiet, Finaba Berete, Elise Braekman, Rana Charafeddine, Stefaan Demarest, Sabine Drieskens, Lydia Gisle, Lize Hermans, Jean Tafforeau and Johan Van der Heyden

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:50

    Content type: Methodology

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  7. The National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit in England has conducted five National Maternity Surveys (NMS) at varying intervals since 1995. This paper aims to describe the changes in NMS response rates over time ...

    Authors: Siân Harrison, Fiona Alderdice, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw and Maria A. Quigley

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:46

    Content type: Research

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  8. Adolescent deliveries (10–19 years) carry a high risk of adverse outcomes due to the biological and physiological immaturity of these mothers. They pose a significant health burden in Cameroon, as it is report...

    Authors: Tsi Njim, Bayee Swiri Tanyitiku and Carlson Sama Babila

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:24

    Content type: Systematic review

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  9. Challenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review’ is a policy review paper and we published in BMC – Archives of Public Health. Policy research is ...

    Authors: Chhabi Lal Ranabhat and Devaraj Acharya

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:38

    Content type: Letter to the Editor Response

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Archives of Public Health 2020 78:37

  10. Air pollution is an environmental health issue that has received much attention due to its harmful effects on public health. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the self-care ...

    Authors: Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Farzad Jalilian, Elena-Niculina Dragoi, Razieh Pirouzeh, Laleh Solaimanizadeh and Shima Khashij

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:19

    Content type: Research

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  11. This letter is in response to a recent paper by Millstone and Dawson (2019) in which the authors criticise the re-evaluation of the high intensity sweetener aspartame in 2013 by the former EFSA’s Panel on Food...

    Authors: George E. N. Kass and Federica Lodi

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:14

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  12. This article describes the design of an intervention study that focuses on whether and to what degree culturally competent social robots can improve health and well-being related outcomes among older adults re...

    Authors: Chris Papadopoulos, Tetiana Hill, Linda Battistuzzi, Nina Castro, Abiha Nigath, Gurch Randhawa, Len Merton, Sanjeev Kanoria, Hiroko Kamide, Nak-Young Chong, David Hewson, Rosemary Davidson and Antonio Sgorbissa

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:26

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. The Rapid Assessment of Hearing Loss (RAHL) survey protocol aims to measure the prevalence and causes of hearing loss in a low cost and rapid manner, to inform planning of ear and hearing services. This paper ...

    Authors: Tess Bright, Xin Shan, Jinling Xu, Jianguo Liang, Baixiang Xiao, Robbert Ensink, Islay Mactaggart, Sarah Polack and Jennifer L. Y. Yip

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. In the context of health-related interventions, sustainability is the capacity to maintain the changes resulting from the intervention. These can be improved policies, practices or trends intended to improve p...

    Authors: Rebecca E. Lee, Dennis Kao, Nathan H. Parker, Allen M. Hallett, Camila Y. Kochi, Maria J. Modelska, Hanadi S. Rifai and Daniel P. O’Connor

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:13

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  15. Severity distributions are a means of summarising the range of health loss suffered to disease which enables estimates of disease occurrence to be paired with disability weights to estimate Years Lost to Disab...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Ian Grant, Eilidh Fletcher, Neil Chalmers, Gerry McCartney and Diane L. Stockton

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:3

    Content type: Commentary

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Archives of Public Health 2020 78:29

  16. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) are an established method for quantifying population health needs and guiding prioritisation decisions. Global Burden of Disease (GBD) estimates aim to ensure comparabili...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Ian Grant, Eilidh Fletcher, Gerry McCartney, Colin Fischbacher and Diane L. Stockton

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:1

    Content type: Research

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  17. While physical (in) activity surveillance has grown and continues to grow globally, surveillance of sedentary behaviour is in its infancy. As surveillance evolves to meet the changing nature of these behaviour...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Prince, Gregory P. Butler, Karen C. Roberts, Pam Lapointe, Andrew M. MacKenzie, Rachel C. Colley, Maria Foley, Travis J. Saunders and Wendy Thompson

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:53

    Content type: Methodology

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  18. Go! Austin/Vamos! Austin (GAVA) is a coalition-led health initiative that targets low-income communities with disparities in access to healthy food and physical activity. The purpose of this initiative was to inc...

    Authors: Alexandra van den Berg, Aida Nielsen, Nika Akhavan, Carmen Llanes Pulido, Semonti Basu, Aliya Hussaini, Christine Jovanovic, Kathryn Janda, Laurence Denis and Nalini Ranjit

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. Discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a quantitative technique which helps determine preferences from a definite set of choices. DCEs have been widely used to inform health services in high-income country settin...

    Authors: Marwa Abdel-All, Blake Angell, Stephen Jan, D. Praveen and Rohina Joshi

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:20

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. The improvements in cancer control led to an increase in the number of cancer survivors, notably, in the working age population (16–64 years). There is a strong need to assess and understand their reintegratio...

    Authors: Régine L. Kiasuwa-Mbengi, Victoria Nyaga, Renée Otter, Christophe de Brouwer and Catherine Bouland

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:15

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  21. National monitoring of school-aged physical activity (PA) behaviours is necessary to inform policy makers. The Finnish School-aged Physical Activity (FSPA – LIITU in Finnish) is a physical activity monitoring ...

    Authors: Kwok Ng, Riikka Hämylä, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Tuija Tammelin, Lasse Kannas and Sami Kokko

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Unhealthy dietary behaviors have progressively increased the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. Thus, assessing such behaviors and their associated beliefs by valid measurement tools seems essential. This study ...

    Authors: Fataneh Goodarzi, Marzieh Araban, Ahmad Ali Eslami and Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:3

    Content type: Research

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  23. In the prevailing economic perspective, health is viewed as a type of capital stock that yields ‘healthy days’ in human society. However, evaluations of this health capital stock are still limited to specific ...

    Authors: Isma Addi Jumbri, Shinya Ikeda and Shunsuke Managi

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:81

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Measuring the true incidence of injury or medically attended injury is challenging. Population surveys, despite problems with recall and selection bias, remain the only source of information for injury inciden...

    Authors: Dritan Bejko, Maria Ruiz-Castell, Anna Schritz, Bjarne Laursen, Rupert Kisser, Wim Rogmans, Ronan A. Lyons, Huib Valkenberg, Samantha Turner, Robert Bauer, Gabrielle Ellsaesser and Nathalie de Rekeneire

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:76

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. Human biomonitoring represents an important tool for health risk assessment, supporting the characterization of contaminant exposure and nutrient status. In communities where country foods (locally harvested f...

    Authors: Mylène Ratelle, Kelly Skinner, Matthew J. Laird, Shannon Majowicz, Danielle Brandow, Sara Packull-McCormick, Michèle Bouchard, Denis Dieme, Ken D. Stark, Juan Jose Aristizabal Henao, Rhona Hanning and Brian D. Laird

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:73

    Content type: Research

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  26. Most European countries report rising numbers of people experiencing homelessness. For those with mental disorders, interventions are centered on achieving mental health and drug rehabilitation alongside housi...

    Authors: J. M. Petit, S. Loubiere, M. J. Vargas-Moniz, A. Tinland, F. Spinnewijn, R. M. Greenwood, M. Santinello, J. R. Wolf, A. Bokszczanin, R. Bernad, H. Kallmen, J. Ornelas and P. Auquier

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:71

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. In the field of oncology research, next-generation sequencing has contributed significantly to the discovery of DNA mutations associated with diagnosis and prognosis. It also aids in the development of targete...

    Authors: Els Van Valckenborgh, Aline Hébrant, Aline Antoniou, Wannes Van Hoof, Johan Van Bussel, Patrick Pauwels, Roberto Salgado, Waltruda Van Doren, Anouk Waeytens and Marc Van den Bulcke

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:49

    Content type: Commentary

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  28. Researchers face many decisions in developing a measurement tool and protocol for monitoring fidelity to complex interventions. The current study uses data evaluating a nutrition education intervention, Togeth...

    Authors: Taren Swindle, James P. Selig, Julie M. Rutledge, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell and Geoff Curran

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. In Germany, there are no measurement tools to assess the general health literacy of adolescents. The aim of the study “Measurement of Health Literacy Among Adolescents” (MOHLAA) is to develop such a tool for u...

    Authors: Olga Maria Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Kristine Sørensen, Christine Holmberg and Susanne Jordan

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Utilities and disability weights (DWs) are metrics used for calculating Quality-Adjusted Life Years and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), respectively. Utilities can be obtained with multi-attribute inst...

    Authors: C. Maertens de Noordhout, B. Devleesschauwer, L. Gielens, M. H. D. Plasmans, J. A. Haagsma and N. Speybroeck

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2017 75:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LNs) made from polyester or polyethylene fibres has been adopted as the standard of care to control malaria among at-risk populations. To obtain a WHO reco...

    Authors: Patrick Tungu, Louisa A. Messenger, Matthew J. Kirby, Wema Sudi, William Kisinza and Mark Rowland

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2016 74:56

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. There is strong evidence to indicate that regular moderate intensity physical activity is associated with health benefits. Furthermore, sedentary behavior has been related with an increased risk for all-cause ...

    Authors: Thérésa Lebacq, Cloë Ost, Sarah Bel, Loes Brocatus, Eveline Teppers, Koenraad Cuypers, Jean Tafforeau and Karin A. A. De Ridder

    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2016 74:44

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on: