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Methodology

Section edited by: Valentina Baccolini and Renata Yokota

This section welcomes articles describing how to do research with a particular focus on public health methods, including epidemiological study designs (observational and experimental), review and meta-analysis, and statistical tools.  We are particularly interested in manuscripts that introduce early career researcher to specific methodological topics and give them guidance on how to do research.

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  1. Adolescent deliveries (10–19 years) carry a high risk of adverse outcomes due to the biological and physiological immaturity of these mothers. They pose a significant health burden in Cameroon, as it is report...

    Authors: Tsi Njim, Bayee Swiri Tanyitiku and Carlson Sama Babila
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:24
  2. Challenges and opportunities towards the road of universal health coverage (UHC) in Nepal: a systematic review’ is a policy review paper and we published in BMC – Archives of Public Health. Policy research is ...

    Authors: Chhabi Lal Ranabhat and Devaraj Acharya
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:38

    The original article was published in Archives of Public Health 2020 78:37

  3. Air pollution is an environmental health issue that has received much attention due to its harmful effects on public health. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the self-care ...

    Authors: Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Farzad Jalilian, Elena-Niculina Dragoi, Razieh Pirouzeh, Laleh Solaimanizadeh and Shima Khashij
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:19
  4. This letter is in response to a recent paper by Millstone and Dawson (2019) in which the authors criticise the re-evaluation of the high intensity sweetener aspartame in 2013 by the former EFSA’s Panel on Food...

    Authors: George E. N. Kass and Federica Lodi
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:14

    The original article was published in Archives of Public Health 2019 77:34

    The Commentary to this article has been published in Archives of Public Health 2020 78:112

  5. This article describes the design of an intervention study that focuses on whether and to what degree culturally competent social robots can improve health and well-being related outcomes among older adults re...

    Authors: Chris Papadopoulos, Tetiana Hill, Linda Battistuzzi, Nina Castro, Abiha Nigath, Gurch Randhawa, Len Merton, Sanjeev Kanoria, Hiroko Kamide, Nak-Young Chong, David Hewson, Rosemary Davidson and Antonio Sgorbissa
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:26
  6. The Rapid Assessment of Hearing Loss (RAHL) survey protocol aims to measure the prevalence and causes of hearing loss in a low cost and rapid manner, to inform planning of ear and hearing services. This paper ...

    Authors: Tess Bright, Xin Shan, Jinling Xu, Jianguo Liang, Baixiang Xiao, Robbert Ensink, Islay Mactaggart, Sarah Polack and Jennifer L. Y. Yip
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:16
  7. In the context of health-related interventions, sustainability is the capacity to maintain the changes resulting from the intervention. These can be improved policies, practices or trends intended to improve p...

    Authors: Rebecca E. Lee, Dennis Kao, Nathan H. Parker, Allen M. Hallett, Camila Y. Kochi, Maria J. Modelska, Hanadi S. Rifai and Daniel P. O’Connor
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:13
  8. Severity distributions are a means of summarising the range of health loss suffered to disease which enables estimates of disease occurrence to be paired with disability weights to estimate Years Lost to Disab...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Ian Grant, Eilidh Fletcher, Neil Chalmers, Gerry McCartney and Diane L. Stockton
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:3

    The Correction to this article has been published in Archives of Public Health 2020 78:29

  9. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) are an established method for quantifying population health needs and guiding prioritisation decisions. Global Burden of Disease (GBD) estimates aim to ensure comparabili...

    Authors: Grant M. A. Wyper, Ian Grant, Eilidh Fletcher, Gerry McCartney, Colin Fischbacher and Diane L. Stockton
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2020 78:1
  10. While physical (in) activity surveillance has grown and continues to grow globally, surveillance of sedentary behaviour is in its infancy. As surveillance evolves to meet the changing nature of these behaviour...

    Authors: Stephanie A. Prince, Gregory P. Butler, Karen C. Roberts, Pam Lapointe, Andrew M. MacKenzie, Rachel C. Colley, Maria Foley, Travis J. Saunders and Wendy Thompson
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:53
  11. Go! Austin/Vamos! Austin (GAVA) is a coalition-led health initiative that targets low-income communities with disparities in access to healthy food and physical activity. The purpose of this initiative was to inc...

    Authors: Alexandra van den Berg, Aida Nielsen, Nika Akhavan, Carmen Llanes Pulido, Semonti Basu, Aliya Hussaini, Christine Jovanovic, Kathryn Janda, Laurence Denis and Nalini Ranjit
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:25
  12. Discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a quantitative technique which helps determine preferences from a definite set of choices. DCEs have been widely used to inform health services in high-income country settin...

    Authors: Marwa Abdel-All, Blake Angell, Stephen Jan, D. Praveen and Rohina Joshi
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:20
  13. The improvements in cancer control led to an increase in the number of cancer survivors, notably, in the working age population (16–64 years). There is a strong need to assess and understand their reintegratio...

    Authors: Régine L. Kiasuwa-Mbengi, Victoria Nyaga, Renée Otter, Christophe de Brouwer and Catherine Bouland
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:15
  14. National monitoring of school-aged physical activity (PA) behaviours is necessary to inform policy makers. The Finnish School-aged Physical Activity (FSPA – LIITU in Finnish) is a physical activity monitoring ...

    Authors: Kwok Ng, Riikka Hämylä, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Tuija Tammelin, Lasse Kannas and Sami Kokko
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:9
  15. Unhealthy dietary behaviors have progressively increased the prevalence of diabetes mellitus. Thus, assessing such behaviors and their associated beliefs by valid measurement tools seems essential. This study ...

    Authors: Fataneh Goodarzi, Marzieh Araban, Ahmad Ali Eslami and Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2019 77:3
  16. In the prevailing economic perspective, health is viewed as a type of capital stock that yields ‘healthy days’ in human society. However, evaluations of this health capital stock are still limited to specific ...

    Authors: Isma Addi Jumbri, Shinya Ikeda and Shunsuke Managi
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:81
  17. Measuring the true incidence of injury or medically attended injury is challenging. Population surveys, despite problems with recall and selection bias, remain the only source of information for injury inciden...

    Authors: Dritan Bejko, Maria Ruiz-Castell, Anna Schritz, Bjarne Laursen, Rupert Kisser, Wim Rogmans, Ronan A. Lyons, Huib Valkenberg, Samantha Turner, Robert Bauer, Gabrielle Ellsaesser and Nathalie de Rekeneire
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:76
  18. Human biomonitoring represents an important tool for health risk assessment, supporting the characterization of contaminant exposure and nutrient status. In communities where country foods (locally harvested f...

    Authors: Mylène Ratelle, Kelly Skinner, Matthew J. Laird, Shannon Majowicz, Danielle Brandow, Sara Packull-McCormick, Michèle Bouchard, Denis Dieme, Ken D. Stark, Juan Jose Aristizabal Henao, Rhona Hanning and Brian D. Laird
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:73
  19. Most European countries report rising numbers of people experiencing homelessness. For those with mental disorders, interventions are centered on achieving mental health and drug rehabilitation alongside housi...

    Authors: J. M. Petit, S. Loubiere, M. J. Vargas-Moniz, A. Tinland, F. Spinnewijn, R. M. Greenwood, M. Santinello, J. R. Wolf, A. Bokszczanin, R. Bernad, H. Kallmen, J. Ornelas and P. Auquier
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:71
  20. In the field of oncology research, next-generation sequencing has contributed significantly to the discovery of DNA mutations associated with diagnosis and prognosis. It also aids in the development of targete...

    Authors: Els Van Valckenborgh, Aline Hébrant, Aline Antoniou, Wannes Van Hoof, Johan Van Bussel, Patrick Pauwels, Roberto Salgado, Waltruda Van Doren, Anouk Waeytens and Marc Van den Bulcke
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:49
  21. Researchers face many decisions in developing a measurement tool and protocol for monitoring fidelity to complex interventions. The current study uses data evaluating a nutrition education intervention, Togeth...

    Authors: Taren Swindle, James P. Selig, Julie M. Rutledge, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell and Geoff Curran
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:53
  22. In Germany, there are no measurement tools to assess the general health literacy of adolescents. The aim of the study “Measurement of Health Literacy Among Adolescents” (MOHLAA) is to develop such a tool for u...

    Authors: Olga Maria Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Kristine Sørensen, Christine Holmberg and Susanne Jordan
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2018 76:46
  23. Utilities and disability weights (DWs) are metrics used for calculating Quality-Adjusted Life Years and Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), respectively. Utilities can be obtained with multi-attribute inst...

    Authors: C. Maertens de Noordhout, B. Devleesschauwer, L. Gielens, M. H. D. Plasmans, J. A. Haagsma and N. Speybroeck
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2017 75:6
  24. Universal coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LNs) made from polyester or polyethylene fibres has been adopted as the standard of care to control malaria among at-risk populations. To obtain a WHO reco...

    Authors: Patrick Tungu, Louisa A. Messenger, Matthew J. Kirby, Wema Sudi, William Kisinza and Mark Rowland
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2016 74:56
  25. There is strong evidence to indicate that regular moderate intensity physical activity is associated with health benefits. Furthermore, sedentary behavior has been related with an increased risk for all-cause ...

    Authors: Thérésa Lebacq, Cloë Ost, Sarah Bel, Loes Brocatus, Eveline Teppers, Koenraad Cuypers, Jean Tafforeau and Karin A. A. De Ridder
    Citation: Archives of Public Health 2016 74:44